02/24/2014

TelecoWorld: United States (US)

 

This page: Statistics of fixed telephony and wireline operators results in the United States.

 


Fixed Telephony

 

Source: FCC

 

 

Operators of Fixed Telephony

 

In 1983, AT&T was dismembered in the United States with the creation of AT&T (Long Distance) and seven regional operators of local telephony (RBOCs): Ameritech, Bell Atlantic, Bell South, Nynex, Pacific Telesis, Southwestern Bell Corporation (SBC) and US West.

 

These operators, with others such as GTE, are known as "Incumbent Local Exchange Carriers" (ILECs).

 

With the telecommunication deregulation, that took place in the US, arose the "Competitive Local Exchange Carriers" (CLEC). In 2004, the CLECs had 32 million of access, 57.7% of them were Unbundled, 16.5% retail and 25.9% their own.

 

The main ILECS are presented in the following table.

 

 

 

Fixed Access in service (thousands)

 

- 1Q12 2Q12 3Q12 4Q12 1Q13 2Q13 3Q13 4Q13 ∆Qter ∆Year

AT&T

36,332 35,206 34,171 32,184 31,163 30,228 29,296 28,489 (2.8%) (11.5%)
Verizon 23,700 23,278 22,847 22,503 22,191 21,828 21,457 21,085 (1.7%) (6.3%)
CenturyLink * 14,379 14,145 13,946 13,748 13,558 13,331 13,150 13,002 (1.1%) (5.4%)

Source: Operators (Retail, doesn't include accessgranted to other operators to retail or Unbundling)

 

 

In Long Distance, besides the operators named above stand out AT&T, Sprint, MCI and Level 3. MCI was acquired by Verizon.

 

AT&T: www.att.com

Verizon: www22.verizon.com

Qwest: www.qwest.com

Sprint: www.sprint.com

Level3: www.level3.com

 

Switched Fixed Access in Service (Thousands)

 

Thousands
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009 Jun/10
ILEC
144.8
143.8
138.8
129.7
118.5
107 102.4
Others
32.9
31.4
28.6
28.7
43.7
46 48.8
Total
177.7
175.2
167.5
158.4
162.2
153 151.2
Others
18.5%
17.9%
17.1%
18.1%
27.0%
30.0% 32.3%

Source: FCC

 

 

The number of fixed telephones in service reached its peak in (192.4 millions) in 2000, since then it's being falling. The CLECs increased until Jun/05 when reached 33.9 million, presenting a fall after that.

 

 

Number Portability

 

In the United States is possible to change operators and keep the same telephonic number. The numerical portability for fixed telephone exists since 1999 and for cellular since november 2003.

The carried numbers are in a database that allows the aiming of the calls. In Dec/04 there were a total of 41,762 thousand numbers that had been carried, with 30,626 from fix to fix and 10,308 thousand from cellular phone to cellular phone.

 

 

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