10/31/2014

TelecoWorld: United States (US)

 

This page: Statistics of fixed telephony and wireline operators results in the United States.

 


Fixed Telephony

 

Source: FCC

 

 

Operators of Fixed Telephony

 

In 1983, AT&T was dismembered in the United States with the creation of AT&T (Long Distance) and seven regional operators of local telephony (RBOCs): Ameritech, Bell Atlantic, Bell South, Nynex, Pacific Telesis, Southwestern Bell Corporation (SBC) and US West.

 

These operators, with others such as GTE, are known as "Incumbent Local Exchange Carriers" (ILECs).

 

With the telecommunication deregulation, that took place in the US, arose the "Competitive Local Exchange Carriers" (CLEC). In 2004, the CLECs had 32 million of access, 57.7% of them were Unbundled, 16.5% retail and 25.9% their own.

 

The main ILECS are presented in the following table.

 

 

 

Fixed Access in service (thousands)

 

- 1Q13 2Q13 3Q13 4Q13 1Q14 2Q14 3Q14 ∆Qter ∆Year

AT&T

31,163 30,228 29,296 28,489 27.716 26,958 26,220 (2.7%) (10.5%)
Verizon 22,191 21,828 21,457 21,085 20.733 20,391 20,089  (1.5%) (6.4%)
CenturyLink * 13,558 13,331 13,150 13,002 12.882 - - - -

Source: Operators (Retail, doesn't include accessgranted to other operators to retail or Unbundling)

 

 

In Long Distance, besides the operators named above stand out AT&T, Sprint, MCI and Level 3. MCI was acquired by Verizon.

 

AT&T: www.att.com

Verizon: www22.verizon.com

Qwest: www.qwest.com

Sprint: www.sprint.com

Level3: www.level3.com

 

Switched Fixed Access in Service (Thousands)

 

Thousands
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009 2010 2011 2012 Jun/13
ILEC 144,810 143,773 138,834 129,693 118,496 107,018 97,497 89,427 82114 78,537
Others 32,881 31,388 28,626 28,725 44,267 45,927 52,155 53,892 56,481 56,590
Total 177,691 175,161 167,460 158,418 162,251 152,945 149,652 143,319 138,595 135,127
Others 18.5% 17.9% 17.1% 18.1% 27.3% 30.0% 34.9% 37.6% 40.8% 41.9%

Source: FCC

 

 

The number of fixed telephones in service reached its peak in (192.4 millions) in 2000, since then it's being falling. The CLECs increased until Jun/05 when reached 33.9 million, presenting a fall after that.

 

 

Number Portability

 

In the United States is possible to change operators and keep the same telephonic number. The numerical portability for fixed telephone exists since 1999 and for cellular since november 2003.

The carried numbers are in a database that allows the aiming of the calls. In Dec/04 there were a total of 41,762 thousand numbers that had been carried, with 30,626 from fix to fix and 10,308 thousand from cellular phone to cellular phone.

 

 

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