12/05/2012


 

TV Digital complets 5 years operating in Brazil

 

On December 2nd 2012, ISDB-T standard for digital TV completed 5 years of operation in Brazil. Despite of the anniversary, the government didn't report new data about coverage and number of channels that already operate with the technology.

 

The most current data reported by Anatel was updated in May/2012 and show that 89,2 million people (46.80% of the Brazilian population) were covered by digital TV. In the total, it reaches 31,3 thousand homes, in 508 cities.

 

According to Anatel, until July 20th 2012, 1052 channels had the permition to operate the digiatl signal and 137 were operating, the majority of them inside the state of São Paulo. The states of Acre and Rondônia still didn't have channels operating the technology.

 

 

Launch of Digital TV in Brazil

2010

  • On June 21st, the city of Mogi das Cruzes (in the state of São Paulo) started to receive the digital TV signals through TV Diário, associated with TV Globo. So, the broadcaster begun to transmit its content in high definition to about 1.5 million people inside the metropolitan region of São Paulo.

  • On June 11th, the Brazilian TV broadcaster Rede Bandeirantes de TV launched Digital TV in Campinas, Presidente Prudente, Taubaté, Ribeirão Preto, Uberaba, Salvador, Curitiba, Porto Alegre, Natal and Manaus. By that, Band reached the total of 16 regions covered by the new technology. Previously, the broadcaster operated only in São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Brasília, Londrina, Belo Horizonte and Belém, besides the city of Campos do Jordão (in the states of São Paulo). According to the broadcaster, covering those 16 cities required an investment of about R$ 90 millions.

  • On June 8th, the digital transmission was launched in the cities of Ituiutaba, Uberaba, Poços de Caldas and Varginha. These cities are located inside the state of Minas Gerais.

  • On June 1st, the city of São José dos Campos (in the state of São Paulo) has its turn on launching digital transmissions, through TV Vanguarda. The broadcaster covers also cities such as Jacareí, Caçapava, Taubaté, Tremembé and Pindamonhangaba.

  • On May 31st, EPTV lauched its digital transmissions in São Carlos and Araraquara (in São Paulo). The broadcaster, which had already lauched the new technology in Campinas and Ribeirão Preto, reached 47 cities covered by the signal named EPTV HD.

  • On May 3rd, digital TV signals reached São Luís, the city is the capital of the state of Maranhão, through TV Mirante. The broadcaster will cover over 2 million people in São Luís Iland and the cities until 80 km away. Besides TV Mirante, the Brazilian Communication Ministry signed the consignation for the following broadcasters: Rádio e TV Difusora do Maranhão (associated with SBT) and Empresa Brasil de Comunicação – EBC.

  • On March 22nd, Natal became the 21st Brazilian capital to receive Digital TV signals, which happened through InterTV Cabugi (associated to Rede Globo). The broacaster will cover more than 1.3 million inhabitants. Besides InterTV Cabugi, the Brazilian Communication Ministry, also signed the consignation for TV Ponta Negra (associated to SBT) and TV Tropical (associated to Rede Record).

  • On January 25th, Londrina started to operate Digital TV signals, through RPC TV Coroados, broascaster associated to Rede Globo in Londrina, which covers 1.5 million people in 55 cities.

2009

  • On December 21st, São Luís became the newest city to operate Digital TV signals, through TV Mirante. Besides TV Mirante, in the same day there was the consignation of the broadcasters: Rádio e TV Difusora do Maranhão (associated to SBT) and Empresa Brasil de Comunicação – EBC.
  • On December 19th, Rede Record started to broadcast Digital TV signals in Araraquara (in the state of São Paulo). According to the broacaster, R$ million were invested.
  • On 11/17 , the Brazilian government signed the consignation for TV broadcasters in Aracaju. With the arrival of the Digital TV in the city, Aracaju became the 6st city in the northeast of the country to receive digital channels.
  • In October 5th, Joinville became the 25th Brazilian city to reach Digital TV, through RBS TV.
  • On 10/01 Ribeirão Preto became the 6th city in the state of São Paulo to receive digital transmissions. The consignation was signed on 09/29 authorizing EPTV, TV Clube and SBT Ribeirão Preto.
  • On 08/31 "Rádio TV do Amazonas" started its digital transmissions, so Manaus (AM) became the 18th capital to receive the new techonlogy. The consignation was given on August 26th. The Brazilian Ministery of Communication expects to spread the new technology to other 35 cities until the end of the year.
  • On August 3rd, Belém became the first city in the North of Brazil to receive digital signals in high definition.

    Four TV broadcasters were authorized: TVSBT Canal 5 de Belém S/A; Rádio and Televisão Marajoara Ltda; Televisão Liberal Ltda; Sistema Clube do Pará de Comunicação Ltda. A rotocol of intentions was also signed with Fundação de Telecomunicações do Pará (Funtelpa). In Belém, digital transmissions might begin until the end of August.

  • On June 14, digitals channels were set for cities of Sorocaba and Mogi das Cruzes (both of them in the state of São Paulo).
  • On July 6th, TV Cabo Branco (a TV broadcaster) started to Digital TV trasmission in João Pessoa, which became the 20th Brazilian city to launch the new technology.
  • Since May 27th, Recife is receiving digital TV signal from TV Globo, SBT, Record, Rede TV and Band.
  • Fortaleza became, on May/11, the 3rd capital of the southeast of Brazil to launch its digital TV transmission.
  • On May 4th, TV Morena from Campo Grande launched inaugurou its digital TV transmissions.
  • Brasília started its transmission through TV Globo and TV Justiça.
  • On March 30th, Santos launched its digital transmission. According to TV Tribuna, first the covered cities will be Santos and São Vicente. Later, Guarujá, Cubatão e Praia Grande will be reached. Finally, other cities in the "Baixada Santista" and "Vale do Ribeira" will also receive the signal.
  • Since March 23rd, citizens of Terezina are receiving Digital TV signals through TV Cidade Verde, TV Rádio Clube de Teresina, JET Radiodifusão and Fundação Rádio e Televisão Educativa from Piauí .
  • On March 18th, São José do Rio Preto (SP) was the third city in the state of São Paulo to start its digital trasnmissions.
  • On March 16th, Uberlândia became the 12th Brazilian city to receive digital transmission.
  • Gazeta TV started its digital transmission in Vitória on Feb/09.

2008

  • In Florianópolis (SC) launched Digital TV on May/02. The beginning of the transmission was supposed to be on November 08th but it was postponed due to strong storms that hit the state of Santa Catarina.
  • On 12/16/2008, TV Centro América the digital transmission in Cuiabá. R$ 20 million were invested.
  • Campinas (city in the countryside of São Paulo) is the first "out capitals" to receive digital TV signal. The launch was in December 3rd through EPTV.
  • On December 1st 2008, Salvador started to receive digital transmission through TV Bahia, which invested US$ 5 million.
  • Since 11/04/08, Porto Alegre, city in the South of Brazil, receives the digital TV signals from RBS, a Rede Globo's affiliated.
  • On 10/22/08, Curitiba became the first Southern city to receive Digital TV signals.
  • On 10/22/08, Digital TV transmissions started in Goiânia.
  • On 04/25/08, Rede Globo started to send digital transmission officially in Belo Horizonte. The investment was of US$ 5 million.
  • On April 7th, Rede TV, Rede Globo and Record, set up Digital TV in Belo Horizonte and Rio de Janeiro.
  • On 01/29/08, the minister of communication, Hélio Costa, signed a consignment of channel for the city of Rio de Janeiro: Rede Globo, SBT, Record, TV Bandeirantes, TV Corcovado, Rede TV and TV Brasil (Radiobrás).
  • On 01/24/08, was published in the Official Union Daily (DOU) that Rede Globo and TV Minas received authorization for digital transmission in Belo Horizonte. The concession contract permits Globo the full use of the channel until June 30th 2016, being allowed to launch an experimental service. TV Minas will sign the addendum in the next 60 days, and after that will be able to send the signal.
  • On 12/27/2008, the minister of communication, Hélio Costa, signed a digital channels consignment in Belo Horizonte. Six Television Stations received the consignment: TV Minas, TV Ômega (Rede TV), Radio and TV Alterosa (associated to SBT), Record, Rede Globo and Bandeirantes.
  • On 12/02/07 was carried out the first HDTV (High Definition TV) transmission in São Paulo City.

 

 

What is Digital TV?

 

TV transmitted to televisions in 90% of brazilian homes use analogical channels with 6 MHz bandwidth.

 

On Digital TV, audio and video transmission change to digital signals which, codified, allows an efficient use of electromagnetic specter, according to the increase of tax data transmission in the band of available frequency.

 

It is possible to transmit:

  • Sound and image with better quality making possible High Definition Television (HDTV). The image resolution of analogical TV that is 400 x 400 pixels could be up to 1920 x 1080 pixels.
  • More channels ( until 4) in the same frequency used by an analogical channel.

Digital TV presents some functionalities that allows an interactivity between the viewer and TV, making possible:

  • The access to additional informations , for example, programation menu.
  • Viewer interaction with the TV, for example a return channel through telephonic line, being possible to shop and vote.

Digital TV Implantation

 

Digital TV implantation will have a adaptation period, that will take 10 to 15 years, in which TV will transmit simultaneously two channels of 6 MHz, analogical and digital.

 

With the introduction of digital technology on Broadcasting TV, the viewer will be able to choose one of the following situations:

  • Continues to receive the actual TV signal using analogical TV.
  • Get a converter (set top box) that will allow to receive digital signal and converte it to video and audio available in your TV receiver.
  • Get a new TV that already has the converter.

This process has been happening in many countries in the world. In United Kingdom (UK), for example, the process started in 1998 and 65.9% of the homes already had the access to Digital TV in September of 2005. In United States it started in 2002 and Japan in 2003.

 

The success of Digital TV implantation depends on converters (set top box) with low prices to the population, in which it is only possible with great production. That is why Brazil is adopting only one Digital TV standard.

 

 

Digital TV Implantation in Brazil - Chronograma

(Dec. 5820 of 06/29/06 )

 

Its following below the steps to be concluded per each TV sender to the implantation of Digital TV in Brazil. (Port. 652 Minicom 10/10/06)

 

  Steps Deadline
1 TV Sender presentes petition to Minicom for consignation of digital channel Changes according the city and kind pof sender (table)
2 Outorgated of channel through contract instruments between sender and Minicom 60 days after approval of the petition.
3 TV Sender presentes to Minicom installation project of transmission station. 6 months
4 Publication of approval of installation project Not defined.
5 Starts digital transmission 18 months

 

 

Deadline to the presentation of the consignatio petition (Step 1)

 

Until Cities
12/29/2006 São Paulo
11/30/2007* Belo Horizonte, Brasília, Fortaleza, Rio de Janeiro and Salvador:
03/31/2008* Belém, Curitiba, Goiânia, Manaus, Porto Alegre and Recife
07/31/2008* Campo Grande, Cuiabá, João Pessoa, Maceió, Natal, São Luís and Teresina
11/30/2008* Aracaju, Boa Vista, Florianópolis, Macapá, Palmas, Porto Velho, Rio Branco and Vitória
03/31/2009** Generators in other Cities
04/30/2009*** Retransmission in the capital of the States and in the Federal District: until April 30th of 2009
04/30/2011*** Retransmissions in other Cities

*after 06/29/2007; **after 10/01/2007

*** after the beggining of digital transmission,the generator station will work on the programation. Source: Port 652 from 12/10/06

 

It will be consigned for each TV sender a channel of 6 MHz to Digital TV transmission. The Digital TV covering of each channel must be the same analogical channel.

 

 

Other Page
(in portuguese)
Decree 5.820, defines Japanese standard
Port Minicom 652 12/10/2006

 

 

Work Groups

 

After decree definition of SBTVD-T are being created groups to make possible the implantation of the System:

 

Was created a Digital TV Forum whose Executive Committee will have between 10 and 11 members: four ( industry) - being two of the transmission segment and two of reception devices; three or four (broadcasting); two of university and one of the software industry.

 

The Industry, Ministry of Public Works and Foreign Commerce, through petition 07/31/2006 created the Executive Group of Digital Television, that will have, as incumbency, to define and to implement actions related with the Brazilian System of Digital Televisão Terrestre (SBTVD-T) in the areas of MDIC ability and its units.

 

Projects

 

Minicom authorized in 09/1/2006 R$ 3,965 million of Funttel resources to Finep to be invested in the projects:

 

  • P&D Systems of Transmission to Digital TV (R$ 630,000,00)
  • Rhodes - System of Telemetry and Geo-referencement (R$ 1 million)
  • Experimental Network of high speed - Giga 1 (R$ 442 thousand) and Giga 2 (R$ 349,6 thousand
  • Telecommunication Convergence - Converge R$1.4 million

Source: telecom Online

 

 

Consult

 

Tutoriais

Digital TV

Francisco Sukys and Cristiano Akamine

 

TV Digital in Brasil

Hélio Graciosa

 

DVB, World model to Digital TV in Brazil?

Eduardo Nascimento Lima, Marilson Duarte Soares e Salomão Wajnberg

 

Digital TV: General view of Standard Choice

José Francisco Meireles Aleixo Júnior, Luciana Figueiredo Santos  

 

 Digital  TV - Middleware standards  

Alexsandro Paes, Débora C. M. Saade,

Renato H. Antoniazzi

 

Web Sites

Brazilian Rule for Digital TV (downloads in English)

ATSC, DVB, NHK

 

 

 

 

 

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