Digital TV in the world
Schedule for the implementation of Digital TV in the world
The Digital TV implementation will go through a period of transition, that might last from 10 to 15 years, in which broadcasters will transmit simultaneously two channels of 6 MHz, one analog and other digital.
By the introduction of the digital TV in the TV broadcasting (Terrestrial Digital TV), user might choose one of the following options:
- Continue to receive the open TV through the current way using analog TV
- Acquire a set top box which permits to receive digital signal and convert it into a video and audio standard available in the user's TV
- Acquire a new TV which already has a set top box
This process is happening in many countries in the world. In the United Kingdom, for example, the process started in 1998 and 65.9% for the houses that already had access to Digital TV in September 2005. In the United States it started in 2002 and in Japan in 2003.
Standard: ATSCSwitch-off: The American government established, through Law, that on June 21st 2009 TV stations should shut off analogue transmissions and start to operate only in digital format.
Standard: ATSCSwitch-off: The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) determined on August 2011 that the transition from analogue to digital should be made in the main cities and in some channels in other areas. Some stations switched off even before this deadline and in localities got late in this process. However, in general, most of the population weren't affected by the transition because they receive TV signal via cable, satellite or Internet.
|Complete||Germany, Finland, Luxemburg, Netherlands, Sweden, Spain, Austria, Denmark, Estonia, Malta, Slovenia, Belgium, Cyprus, France, Italy, Latvia, Portugal, Croatia, Switzerland, Czech Republica, Norway, Iceland, Ireland, Lithuania, Slovakia, United Kingdom (24/10/2012) and Macedonia.|
|In 2013||Bulgaria (before set to 09/01/13 the switch-off was delayed to 11/01/13), Greece (2013), Poland, Romenia (Jan/13) and Hungary (between 2013 and 2014).|
|In 2014 or no date||Ukraine (2014), Russia (2015), Montenegro (Jun/15), Georgea (2015) and Belarus (2015).|
|Ainda não tem TV digital||Servia and Bosnia and Herzegovina|
Asia & Oceania
|Australia||DVB-T||Digital transmossions started in 2001 in metropolitan regions.||2013|
|South Korea||ATSC||Transmissions began on October 26th, 2001.||2012|
|Philippines||ISDB-T||Adopted ISDB-T system officially in August, 2011. In 2012, the standard face rejection from TV producers that support the adoption of DVB-T2. Due to the fight between government and media, the country don't have laws or regulation for digital TV.||2015|
|India||DVB-T||The standard was chosen on July 8th, 1999, but isn't implemented yet.||2015|
|Japan||ISDB-T||Digital TV was launched in the country in 2003. Japan was the creator of the ISDB-T system.||07/24/2011|
|New Zeland||DVB-T||On May 2007, the country started its digital transmissions.||between 2013 and 2015|
Source: Forrester Research - Jul/07 and Gateway to the European Union
Digital TV became available in all the 47 Japanese capitals in December 2006, three years after its launching in 2003. The number of houses that can receive the digital TV signal in Japan reached 39.5 million (84%) in 2006.
Until Dec/06, were sold 17.3 million television devices prepared to receive digital signals, as represented in the table below.
|Thousands||2006||until 2006||until 2007|
|STB TV cable||1,413||3,506||5,099|
There were, yet in 2007, 20,473 thousand cell phones with digital TV.
Digital TV in Japan presents:
- Interactive TV
- Data broadcasting
- Advanced caption
More details aabout the implementation of Digital TV in Japan:
ISDB-T especifications: www.dibeg.org/aribstd/ARIBSTD.htm
|South Africa||DVB-T||Adopted the standard on January 14th, 2011.||Dec/2013|
|Botswana||ISDB-T||Adopted ISDB-T on 02/28/2013.||-|
|Mozabique||DVB-T||Local government followed the recommendation of a recomendação da Southern African Development Community (Sadc) and adopted the European digital TV standard||2015|
In November 2010, Southern African Development Community (Sadc) approved the recommendation for its 14 member countries (South Africa, Angola, Botswana, Congo, Lesoto, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauricio Islands, Mozambique, Namibia, Suazilandia, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabue) to adopt the European system. However, as it was mandatory, Brazil and Japan kept negotiation with African governments in order to open the market to ISDB-T standard.
ARIB specifications ISDB-T: www.dibeg.org/aribstd/ARIBSTD.htm